What does hypertension mean?
Hypertension is a medical term that consists of two words, “hyper” and “tension.” Hyper means more than normal quantity, and tension is a force. So, High blood pressure causes hypertension and represents a more than is required force.
The biological meaning of hypertension
In biology, “Hypertension” is related to high blood pressure, i.e., blood pressure is associated with the rate at which the heart pumps blood when the heart works faster or more than the standard quantity required for a healthy body. When the heart keeps pumping blood irregularly or at a faster speed, it increases the pressure against the artery that it does not remain normal at all and leads to certain diseases, most commonly heart disease.
Significant symptoms of hypertension
Talking about significant hypertension symptoms that can make you think about their medical condition thoughtfully includes the following diseases or medical situations:
- Critical headache situation.
- Bleeding through the nose.
- Tiredness or discomposure.
- Problems related to sight.
- Pain in the chest.
- Breathing difficulties.
- Uneven heartbeat.
- Presence of blood in the urine.
- Feeling weight into your ears, neck, or chest.
All the symptoms that are mentioned above are only shown when the hypertension situation becomes a difficult, dangerous, or at-risk situation. One of the most alarming things about hypertension is that it does not show symptoms usually, but when that patient reaches an alarming situation, treatment is crucial. Two-third of hypertension patients do not know that they are suffering from hypertension.
Fundamental hypertension/high blood pressure causes
The exact causes of high blood pressure are unclear, but few are known. Some points that are listed below are among the significant causes of hypertension:
- Sedentary lifestyle, i.e., not doing enough physical work, lack of proper exercise.
- Genetic factor.
- The deficiency of proper diets like fruits and vegetables is a source of dietary fibers.
- Using oils in your food more than that is required.
- Excess amount of salt in regular food.
- Age factor like age more than 60 or 65 at which walls of arteries become weak.
- Wrong sleep schedules, i.e., lack of proper sleep and having restless life.
- You are taking an increased amount of caffeine like coffee and tea.
- You have a weight that is more than average.
- Some medical conditions like kidney diseases, diabetes, thyroid problems, etc.
- Consuming medicines contain steroids, anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).
Avoiding all these causes, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, exercising regularly, and having a proper diet can reduce the risk of hypertension even at old age.
Sedentary lifestyle, i.e., not doing enough physical work, lack of proper exercise
Lifestyle matters a lot in any physical and medical condition. Keeping you healthy and active poses sound health effects on physical and mental conditions. Suppose a person takes a regular diet but is not involved in any physical activity.
In that case, it will lead to the accumulation of fats and cholesterol, which ultimately leads to hypertension. So, everybody should include proper physical activity and adopt a regular exercise routine. It will help keep normal blood pressure and help reduce the risk of other diseases.
Some of the diseases run in families as they are related to genes. 50% of patients suffer from hypertension due to genetic factors. It is a complex genetic trait not controlled by a single gene. Sometimes mutations in one of the genes can also lead to hypertension. In most cases, it is uncontrollable, but treatment can be expensive and practiced in developed countries.
Deficiency of proper diet
Diet plays a vital role in controlling blood pressure. Monitoring the amount of salt, oil, and sugar in your diet is necessary. Caffeine contains different receptors that stimulate blood pressure increase. Controlling levels of caffeine in daily diet helps to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Blood vessels get narrowed down by nicotine present in cigarettes and other tobacco products, which increase the blood rate and ultimately increase the blood pressure and heart rate. DASH stands for dietary approaches to stop hypertension. It contains food rich in calcium, fiber, protein, low standard fats, potassium, and low in saturated fats.
Age factor is among the causes that cannot be controlled, but if a person takes a proper diet, exercise regularly, and follow a healthy routine, the risk factor can be reduced.
Disturbed Resting Schedules
Maintaining a healthy resting routine and following a proper sleep time is very important for good health. Lack of proper sleep releases hormones that cause hypertension. Studies have shown that improving sleeping schedules help maintain proper blood pressure and reduce the risk of cardiac diseases.
Smoking is a major high blood pressure causes
Blood vessels get narrowed down by nicotine present in cigarettes and other tobacco products, which increase the blood rate and ultimately increase the blood pressure and heart rate. Smoking can increase blood pressure by 5 to 10 mmHg immediately after taking a cigarette.
Having a weight that is more than usual is one of the high blood pressure causes
Bodyweight is one of the significant things related to hypertension. An increase in body weight will ultimately increase the body’s blood pressure. It would be best if you regularly manage your body weight. If a person is obese and he reduces even a pound of weight will help in the decrease in hypertension.
Bodyweight should be managed according to body mass index that varies from person to person. Studies show that if a person loses 8 kg weight, it will help reduce 8.5 mmHg systolic blood pressure and 6.5 mmHg diastolic blood pressure. Weight loss is related to exercise that can be managed through a good or healthy diet and regular exercise.
Some medical conditions in high blood pressure causes
Several diseases cause hypertension, such as kidney disorder, thyroid problem, diabetes, etc. Sometimes the use of medicines for some diseases can cause hypertension as a side effect of a medicine.
Medicines that contain steroids, anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs for high blood pressure causes
NSAIDs contain water and salt retaining ability. By taking excess NSAIDs, the body requires excess water to remove salt from the body. This extra water disrupts the normal function of blood to pump blood in the whole body, which can indeed lead to hypertension. The added water puts stress on the heart and blood vessels. Many people have to take medicines due to some medical disorder.
Still, it should be only prescribed by a specialist doctor and used according to prescription because some medicine contains steroids, anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), and other chemical products that increase blood pressure and worsen the situation. So, to avoid hypertension, you must avoid self-medication.
Best ways to control high blood pressure causes
Hypertension is not a medical emergency but can lead to severe medical disorders that could be dangerous. If detected in the early stages can be controlled. Following are the ways to control hypertension:
- Manage a healthy body weight.
- Exercise regularly.
- Take less caffeine.
- Avoid intake of alcohol and avoid smoking.
- Eat healthy food (try a balanced diet).
- Proper and quality sleep.
- Reduce stress level.
- Avoid self-medication.
- Lowering your sodium intake.
- Visit your doctor regularly.
You can visit Dr. Tetyana Metyk’s clinic to get treatment for your high blood pressure causes and hypertension. You can visit our Website for more information. And You can Contact Us any time to get assistance from a professional healthcare doctor.