Diabetes causes always vary depending on the genetic makeup, ethnicity, family history, health, and also environmental factors in which a person lives. There are no common diabetes causes that should fit every type of diabetes because causes vary according to individual and type. The diabetes causes which are related to type-1 varies from gestational diabetes. Similarly, the diabetes causes of type-2 vary from the causes of type-1. Type-1 is caused due to autoimmune conditions, and type-2 is when the body shows resistance towards insulin.
Diabetes mellitus, which is commonly known as diabetes, is a kind of metabolic disease that has a role in causing high blood sugar. The insulin hormone has a role in moving sugar from the blood into the cells, which are to be stored or used for energy purposes. When a person is dealing with diabetes, the body either does not make enough insulin or can’t use the insulin it makes.
What Is Insulin?
It is a hormone secreted by beta cells, located within the clusters of cells in the pancreas, and is called the islets of Langerhans. The role of insulin in the body is to trigger cells to take glucose by the cell can use this energy and by yielding sugar. Diabetic patients can have dysfunctional beta cells that result in decreased insulin secretion. On the other hand, muscle and adipose cells can show resistance to the effect of insulin, resulting in less ability of cells to take up glucose and metabolize it.
In both of the cases above, the glucose levels in the blood increase, which causes hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). When glucose accumulates in the blood, the excess levels of this sugar are eliminated in the urine. As a greater amount of glucose is in the urine, more water is eliminated, which causes an increase in urinary volume, and the frequency of urination and thirst increases. Nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs can be damaged by untreated high blood sugar. To know about the seven different common causes of diabetes, we should look at how many types of diabetes have.
Types of Diabetes
There are different types of diabetes as stated under:
- Type-1 diabetes: It is an autoimmune disease. In this type, the immune system attacks and destroys the cells of the pancreas in which insulin is made. It is still unclear that what makes it cause this attack. It has been seen that about 10 percent of people dealing with diabetes have this type.
- Type-2 diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin, which makes sugar buildup in the body.
- Prediabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs when the sugar in the blood is higher than usual. Still, it is not that high to be diagnosed with type-2 diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that occurs during pregnancy. Insulin-blocking hormones are produced by the mother’s placenta, which causes this type of diabetes.
Seven leading diabetes causes seen in America
Insulin Production Problem:
Diabetes can be caused when the pancreas does not make any insulin, make little insulin, or the body does not respond to insulin in a good way. Unlike people dealing with type-1 diabetes, patients with type-2 diabetes make insulin. Still, the insulin which is realized by the pancreas is not enough, or the body does not recognize it.
So, when there isn’t insulin, or it isn’t used correctly, glucose can’t enter the cells and accumulate in the blood, and cells do not work the way they should work. This cause can be counted behind diabetes in America.
Strong Genetic Link is one of the significant diabetes causes:
It is believed that diabetes type-2 can be caused by genetic links like it tends to run in families. If the individual parents, brother, or sister has it; so, there are chances that the individual can also have this as several genes may be related to type-2 diabetes. Several mutated genes have been linked to diabetic causes.
The mutated genes can further interact with each other and the environment, ultimately increasing the risk. The studies of twins have shown that genetics play a significant role in the development of diabetes type-2. So, races can play a role, but it still depends on environmental factors.
High blood pressure and heart disease are one of the diabetes causes:
High blood pressure can lead to many complications like diabetes which includes diabetic eye disease and kidney disease, also even worse. The small blood vessels in the body can be damaged by diabetes, and it causes the walls of blood vessels to stiffen. So, it increases the pressure, which results in high blood pressure. So, people with diabetes will have high blood pressure also heart and circulation problems.
Arteries are damaged by diabetes, making them target for hardening, which is called atherosclerosis. Kidney failure, a heart attack, can be caused if high blood pressure is not treated. High blood sugar damages the blood vessels and the nerves which control the heart. So high blood pressure can be because of diabetes.
High fat and carbohydrate diets are contributing factors to diabetes causes
In America, people have a high fat and carbohydrate diet as there is a lot of fast food consumption. So, behind diabetes causes High fat and carbohydrate diet also have a role. The consumption of high-fat food also contributes to obesity which has a crucial role in developing the risk of type-2 diabetes. The researchers have learned about key proteins, which are Bcl10, that are needed for the free fatty acids present in high-fat food and stored in body fat.
It impairs the action of insulin and results in abnormally high blood sugar. Suppose the person is eating too high saturated fat bacon and butter, which ultimately leads to high cholesterol, especially LDL, linked to heart disease. so it is the problem for patients who have diabetes.
High Alcohol Intake is contributing factor to diabetes causes
Individual overall health plays an essential role in how his body behaves or responds to alcohol. People who have blood sugar or diabetes must be careful in consuming alcohol. Consumption of alcohol interferes with blood sugar and the hormones needed to maintain good and healthy blood sugar levels.
Individuals who frequently consume alcohol wipe out their energy storage in a few hours. When alcohol is consumed in excess, so it reduces the overall effectiveness of insulin, which results in high sugar levels in the blood. So, patients who have the alcoholic liver disease also have diabetes. Consumption of alcohol can be one of the reasons for diabetes causes.
Obesity Or Being Overweight are contributive factors to diabetes causes
A high level of fatty acids and inflammation is caused by obesity, leading to insulin resistance. When insulin is resistant, so it makes obesity is one of the major factors among diabetes causes. It is believed that obesity is the accounts for 80-85 percent of developing risk of having type two diabetes. It has been suggested from recent research that obese people are up to 80 times have more exposed to developing type two diabetes as compared to those with a BMI less than 22.
Being of ethnicity, that’s at higher risk
African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Asian Americans are more vulnerable to get type two diabetes than non-Hispanic whites.
As the only way to cope with diabetes is by a change in lifestyle. Prevention is of core importance if the individual is currently at risk of having diabetes there should be a balanced diet that includes low sugar and refined carbs. An individual should work out daily as it can reduce obesity which is among the leading diabetes causes. We hope that this blog gave you detailed information about the common diabetes causes in America. For further information, you can visit our website. We at drtetyanametyk provide you services to control and manage your diabetes. You can book your appointment from our contact us page right now.